Back Pain Causes, Treatment, And Prevention

Back Pain Causes, Treatment, And Prevention

Back pain is a common medical condition and one of the main reasons people visit doctors. Ranging from mild to severe, back pain can occur periodically, be constant, or become worse with wrong exercise or prolonged sitting. While frustrating at times, the upside of back pain is that most of its episodes usually improve within a few days/weeks. If the condition persists, you can take pain medication using pill reminder app or other preventive measures to relieve its episodes. If prevention fails, there are many simple home remedies as well that will quickly heal your back and keep it functional.

What Causes Back Pain?

There are multiple causes of back pain out of which following are are the more common ones:

Muscle Strains and Sprains

These two are often the primary causes of back pain. A strain refers to tearing of a muscle while a sprain refers to tearing of a ligament. These tears often result from an injury and can lead to inflammation, causing mild to severe back pain. Along with pain, muscle stiffness is another issue that is reported with strains and sprains of the back muscles.

Spine Osteoarthritis

Spine osteoarthritis is a condition which affects small joints of the spine. It occurs due to deterioration of the cartilage situated between the spine’s joints. As the deterioration increases, a mild or excruciating pain may develop which worsens with movement.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is another condition which causes back pain. Mostly aged adults are affected by it. With growing age, the spinal canal becomes narrowed, resulting in the thickening of the spine’s tissues. Once the spinal canal becomes too constricted, symptoms like weakness or numbness may occur along with throbbing pain in the back. There are many medications that you can take using free medication reminder app to cure this condition.

Ruptured Discs

The spinal discs serve as shock-absorbing cushions and only work best when in healthy condition. However, preserving their health can be difficult for various reasons such as the natural process of aging, weight gain, and stress to the spine caused by prolonged sitting or lifting heavy weights. All these factors can cause the discs to wear out over time, making them more prone to injury.

If not treated properly, the discs can eventually tear. These torn discs are called ruptured discs and can cause throbbing pain in the back. Besides pain, a person may experience muscle weakness, numbness, and tingling due to ruptured discs.


Osteoporosis is a condition which weakens the bones, making them more prone to breaking. Osteoporosis is caused by fractured vertebra. The pain from this condition is often felt in the lower back or the area where the fractured occurred (middle of the back). Osteoporosis pain can affect other areas of the body such as the abdomen or legs as well. Typically, pain from osteoporosis worsens with movement and can be relieved with some rest.

Spinal Infections

Spinal infections called vertebral diskitis or osteomyelitis are responsible for causing severe back pain. These infections are hard to detect and a person may not know about them until they have grown to an advanced stage. The best way to know if they are present is by checking the history of previous back problems. People with these infections are often advised to take antibiotics using prescription reminder app to keep them under control.

What Are Some Common Back Pain Symptoms?

Symptoms of common back pain include:

  • A dull or shooting pain in the lower back
  • Inability to stand up straight without pain
  • Limited ability to move and flex the back

These symptoms are usually short-lived and last for a few days or weeks. If your back pain persists for more than 3 months, it may be indicating a serious problem. Let your doctor know if you are experiencing any of the following conditions:

  • Intense constant back pain
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Throbbing sensation in the abdomen
  • Presence of fever

What Are the Risk Factors for Back Pain?

According to experts, following conditions can put you at an increased risk for back pain:

  • Lack of exercise
  • Doing intense physical activity without warming up first
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Arthritis or a history of arthritis

Emotional and mental health also play a big part in your back’s strength. If you are depressed or have a stressful job, your chances of developing a back pain will be higher.

How to Prevent Back Pain?

Here are some useful tips to help you ease or prevent back pain.

Avoid Lifting Heavy Objects

Lifting heavy objects such as briefcases and suitcases can put unnecessary stress on your spine. Try to carry less and use backpacks as they distribute the weight more evenly. Using bags with wheels is also a smart move as they keep the entire weight off your back.

Work Your Abdomen and Back Muscles

The muscles around your back and abdomen help you perform physical activities with ease. Strengthening these muscles is a great way to lower the risk of damage to your back.

Improve Your Posture

Poor posture can be extremely dangerous for your spine. It puts it under unnecessary pressure which increases the risk of pain and damage to the back.

Work on improving your posture and try to sit upright in your chair while working on a computer or laptop screen.

Stretch Daily

Stretching regularly improves the blood circulation in your body and lowers the risk of back pain. Doing this every day can leave your muscles relaxed and more resistant to strain.

Carefully Choose Your Footwear

The footwear you choose plays a major part in the wellbeing of your back. Wearing high heel is likely to cause serious damage to your back since it disturbs the alignment of your spine. Low heeled footwear, on the other hand, takes the unnecessary pressure off your back by keeping it in perfect alignment.