Muscle Pain – Causes, Symptoms, And Management

Muscle pain is a common medical problem which can occur in all age groups. Children and adults are equally affected by it. Aching muscles are often temporary and will resolve without medical treatment. Even if the treatment is required, it will simply involve taking a pain killer using medication reminder app.

Several factors can cause these aches in any area of the body that has muscles. Depending on the reason, the pain may be mild or severe.

What Causes Muscle Pain?

The common causes of muscular pain include:

Improper Diet

The lack of proper diet can cause a person to experience muscular pain because it’s not providing them with proper nutrition.

In order to function properly, muscles in our body need vitamin D as it helps with the absorption of calcium. Taking a diet that doesn’t have vitamin D can result in vitamin D deficiency leading to hypocalcemia – a condition in which calcium level in blood becomes low, which can directly affect the strength of muscles.


Water is a vital component of our body. Drinking enough water helps it function properly. While not drinking enough of it can result in dehydration, which could result in breathing or digestion problems and cause muscles to ache.

People should be conscious of how much water they drink on a daily basis. The recommended amount is 8-10 glasses per day. However, this is not fixed and can be changed according to personal needs. For instance, if hot weather or exercise causes you to sweat more than usual, you will need to drink more than 8-10 glasses of water.

Stress makes it harder for the body to fight off disease. In people who are unwell and stressed, the muscles may ache as the body struggles to combat inflammation or infection.


Stress is a common cause of muscle pains and headaches. Stress puts people at a higher risk of muscle aches as their bodies struggle to fight off diseases or infections.

Symptoms of stress include:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Chest pain
  • Breathing issues
  • High blood pressure
  • Headaches
  • Shaking

Stress can be released through relaxation techniques (meditation, yoga, guided imagery) and by avoiding stressful situations.

Lack of Sleep

Sleep is a great stress reliever. Not only it allows the body to rest but also helps it recuperate. A lack of sleep, on the other hand, can cause your muscles to ache and make you feel sluggish or slow. Plus, it can affect your ability to think clearly as well, making it difficult to carry out everyday tasks.

Over the Top Exercise

Doing too much physical activity can lead to sore or stiff muscles due to the following reasons:

  • Not being used to exercise
  • Trying a new workout routine
  • Doing more intense exercise
  • Doing exercise for longer than usual
  • Starting the exercise without warming up or stretching properly

Medical Issues

Many medical issues can cause muscle aches as well. Some of those conditions include:

  • anemia
  • arthritis
  • chronic fatigue syndrome
  • fibromyalgia
  • lupus
  • Lyme disease
  • Pneumonia

What Are the Symptoms of Muscle Aches?

People with muscle aches may notice the following symptoms:

  • Stiffness, weakness, soreness, or discomfort in the affected area
  • Fever
  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Rash

Symptoms like high fever or breathing issues will require immediate medical attention. They may require you to take medication using pill reminder app as well for a quick recovery.

If the aches occur in your entire body instead of a particular area, then this is probably due to an infection or underlying illness. Seek medical attention immediately to learn what’s causing it.

How to Treat Sore Muscles or Muscle Aches Through Home Remedies?

A common remedy to treat muscle aches is applying heat or ice to the affected area. Experts say that using ice wrapped in a thin towel is ideal for quick relief.

Applying heat can work too, but it’s not as quick as the ice. In fact, heat only works best when combined with ice.

Experts also state that icing the sore area right after activity to cut inflammation, then using heat later to increase blood flow to that area is the best way to relieve muscle pain.

How to Treat Muscle Aches Using Medications?

To treat muscle pain through medications, you can take acetaminophen (Tylenol) or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen. Just be careful about using NSAIDs for long-term as it can affect your muscle’s ability to repair itself. Also, check with your specialist about any dangerous interactions these medications may have with other meds you are on.

Sometimes muscle aches require more than an over-the-counter pain reliever to go away. If you feel an intense pain suddenly, it’s a sign of an injury that you may have picked up unknowingly. Call your specialist if the pain is severe or persistent.

How to Prevent Muscle Aches?

Warm yourself up before working out to prevent soreness or stiffness of muscles. After getting your muscles in a good warm-up, do a bit of stretching and then start the exercise so your muscles are in good shape before lifting weights.

Vitamin C and D are known for preventing sore muscles. But check with your specialist before adding these to your diet.

Taking protein after exercise can restore your strength and help you find relief from post-workout soreness.

If you have a serious medical condition, consult with your specialist before starting an exercise program as it will help you find a workout plan that’s most suitable and effective for you.

Working with a physical therapist who can provide guidance for your exercise routine and taking medications using medication management app is also a great way reduce your possibility of picking up an injury or getting a sore muscle.