Some Common Vaccine Types and Infections They Prevent

Some Common Vaccine Types and Infections They Prevent

Vaccinations protect children against diseases that may severely damage their health. They boost immunity to provide protection against certain infections and train the immune system to recognize those infections so when a child is exposed to them, he/she can fight it off in a better way. For this reason, parents all around the world are advised to appropriately vaccinate their kids. If following vaccine schedules seems to be difficult, use a vaccine reminder app. It is the most effective way for parents to keep doctor appointments in check when life gets a little busy.

In this article, we are going to discuss different vaccine types. Though there are plenty of them, we will only discuss the most common ones.

What is a Flu Vaccine?

The flu or influenza vaccine is for flu protection. A few years ago, it was available in both shots and nasal spray. But the new recommendations from CDC state that it should only be given in shots as data from nasal spray showed lower effectiveness during previous flu seasons.

This vaccine contains live, weakened viruses. It is given during flu season which normally arrives in October or November to children who are 6 months and older. Flu viruses change every year. Parents should vaccinate their kids regularly in order to prepare them well for fighting the infection.

What is DTaP Vaccine?

This is a 3 in 1 vaccine. The name DTaP basically comes from the initials of three deadly diseases: Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis. The duration of this vaccine spans over 5 shots, starting from 2 months of age to the age of 4-6 years. Here’s a brief idea of the trio of diseases it protects from:

  • Diphtheria attacks throat and heart. It can cause heart failure which eventually leads to death.
  • Tetanus causes severe muscle spasms and can lead to death.
  • Pertussis is a severe cough disease. Pertussis fits cause troubled breathing and can cause severe infections such as pneumonia, brain damage, leading to death.

Looking at these diseases, it’s pretty obvious how important this vaccine really is for your child. Kids who get all of DTaP shots enjoy protection against these infections for about 10 years. After this period, he/she will require booster shots.

What Is Rotavirus Vaccine?

This vaccine protects against rotavirus. It is largely given in 2 or 3 shots at the age of 2, 4, and 6 months respectively. The amount of shots depends on doctor’s recommendation. However, all shots must be given before the child turns 8 months old.

Rotavirus can cause in babies and young children:

  • Vomiting
  • Severe diarrhea leading to dehydration
  • Fever

Sometimes, rotavirus vaccination can result in negative effects such as stomach pain, vomiting, blood in the stool, etc. If your child exhibits any of these signs, particularly within the first week after vaccination, seek medical attention immediately.

What is MMR Vaccine?

MMR is also a 3 in 1 vaccine. It protects against diseases like Measles, Mumps, and Rubella, hence the name MMR. This whole vaccination comprises two shots, one at the age of 1 year and the other when the child is 4-6 years old.

The measles shot keeps children from catching fever, cough, rash and serious infections such as severe pneumonia and brain swelling which could lead to death.

The mumps shot provides protection against fever, headache, and very rarely, brain swelling. Mumps can also cause testicles swelling among boys and men which may lead to impotency.

Rubella causes a slight fever, rash, glands swelling in the neck, brain swelling, etc.

Rubella is not only limited to kids. Adults are at an equal risk of catching it. For example, if a pregnant woman catches this infection, she could lose her baby or have a baby with various disorders such as blindness, deafness, or mental illness.

Some people also claim that MMR vaccine causes autism. But this myth has been debunked as various researches show that there is no connection between autism and MMR vaccines.

What is IPV Vaccine?

The IPV (inactivated poliovirus) prevents polio. It comes in 4 shots, from the age of 2 months to 6 years.

Polio is a harmful virus which can paralyze one or both legs or arms. It causes muscle pain and even leads to death sometimes.

What is Hib Vaccine?

This vaccine prevents Haemophilus influenza type b, which is the core driver of serious infections such as meningitis, pneumonia and throat infections in children. The Hib vaccine comes in a series of 3-4 shots which starts from the age of 2 months and finishes at the age of 15 months.

What is HBV Vaccine?

This vaccine prevents hepatitis B – a fatal infection that can lead to liver cancer and even death. The vaccine comes in a series of 3 shots which starts soon after birth.

Is There A Way to Keep Track of All Vaccination Appointments?

We get it. The list is long and keeping track of dates and months of each vaccine can be such a mind distorter. But don’t worry. There’s a solution for that. Download a medication reminder app on your phone and you will never again miss out on vaccine appointments.

Lastly, What Are the Circumstances in Which A Child Should Not Be Vaccinated?

There are some special situations in which your child should not receive a vaccine. For example, some vaccines aren’t appropriate for kids suffering from certain diseases, or kids on medications that lower the body’s ability to fight viruses.

Also, if your child catches a serious side effect from a vaccine, your family doctor will tell you whether he/she should receive more shots.

The best practice here is to talk to your doctor to learn whether or not your kid requires a vaccine. And if your child is already on a vaccination schedule, use a pill reminder app to ensure he/she doesn’t miss out on doctor appointments.

Follow the schedule. Keep your child safe.