Tramadol: Uses, Precautions, And Side Effects

Tramadol is a pain medication that comes in two forms: immediate release tablets and extended-release tablets/capsules. Immediate-release tablets are quickly released into the body while extended release drugs are slowly released into the body over time. Tramadol is a safe drug if used properly using a medication alert app. However, its inappropriate use may result in some serious health issues. Generally, tramadol is prescribed to treat pain severe enough to require opioid treatment and for which other medications do not work.

Remember that tramadol is a prescription drug and should only be used with a doctor’s close supervision.

How to Use Tramadol?

Read instruction on the label before taking tramadol.

Take tramadol as per your doctor’s instructions. Normally, you can take it with or without food, every 4 to 6 hours to relieve pain. Individuals who have nausea should take this medicine with food. If taking tramadol is not possible, then ask your doctor for other options to treat nausea.

Your doctor will determine the dosage based on your medical condition and response to it. To lessen your risk of side effects, they may even advise you to begin taking this drug at a low dose and then gradually increase it. The maximum recommended daily dose is 400 milligrams. In case you are in your 70s, the maximum daily dose you will be recommended is 300 milligrams. Try not to increase dosage on your own. Also, do not take it for more than the recommended time and properly quit the drug when told by your specialist.

Tramadol works best if it is taken as soon as the pain starts occurring. If you wait for it to get worse, then the medication may not work. Also, if you have continuous pain because of a medical condition like arthritis, your specialist may prescribe long-acting tramadol. Drugs like acetaminophen and ibuprofen may also be prescribed to you. Ask your specialist if it’s safe to use tramadol with other meds.

Suddenly quitting tramadol may cause withdrawal, particularly if you have used it for a long time or in high amount. Tell them if you have any withdrawal symptoms such as restlessness, trouble sleeping, anxiety, suicidal thoughts, watery eyes, runny nose, sweating, diarrhea, muscle aches and sudden changes in mood. To avoid withdrawal, your specialist may gradually lower your dose.

Additional Instructions

Sometimes, when a patient uses this drug for a long time, it may stop working. Consult with your specialist if tramadol has stopped being effective on you.

Despite being very useful in general, tramadol can sometimes cause addiction. The risk of addiction may be higher if you have drug abuse disorder or drink excessive alcohol. Take this prescription exactly as recommended to lower the risk of addiction. For more details, connect with your specialist. Also, tell your specialist if tramadol improves or worsens your pain.

What Are Tramadol’s Side Effects?

Tramadol is completely safe when used as per doctor’s instructions. However, the inappropriate use of it can cause some serious side effects. Therefore, always discuss with your specialist the tramadol’s side effects before starting treatment.

The higher doses or interactions with other drugs may also worsen tramadol’s side effects. And this is one of the main reasons doctors recommend lower doses of tramadol at the start of the treatment. Call your specialist or pharmacist if you experience any of the following side effects while taking this drug using medicine tracker app:

Common Side Effects

  • Headache
  • Itching
  • Diarrhea
  • Heartburn
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Sleepiness
  • Nervousness, anxiety, agitation
  • Tiredness
  • Stomach pain

Serious Side Effects

  • Addiction or abuse
  • Ultra-rapid metabolism
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Breathing issues which may be life-threatening
  • Low blood pressure
  • Serotonin syndrome
  • Seizures
  • Gastrointestinal adverse reactions
  • Severe allergic reactions
  • Androgen deficiency
  • Abnormal heart rhythms

This is not a complete list. Many other tramadol side effects can occur as a result of improper use of the medication.

What Are Tramadol Precautions?

Tell your specialist if you are allergic to tramadol or have any other allergies before taking this medication. Some of the ingredients of this product may cause allergic reactions or other health problems.

Also, tell your specialist about your medical history especially if you have had a head injury, brain tumor, kidney disease, breathing problems, drug addiction, liver disease, stomach problems, difficulty urinating, gallbladder disease, or obesity before taking this medication.

Using this drug with alcohol or marijuana can make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive or use machinery. Also, avoid alcoholic beverages while under the influence of tramadol.

QT prolongation – a condition related to heart rhythm is caused by the low levels of potassium or magnesium in the blood. This condition may become worse with the use of certain drugs such as tramadol, or diuretics. Inform your doctor if you have this disease before taking tramadol.

If you are undergoing surgery, tell your specialist about all the medications you take using the app for pills (including tramadol).

Children are sensitive to tramadol side effects such as increased sleepiness, confusion, or issues with breathing. See instructions on the label or ask your doctor about how to prevent your children from these side effects. Similarly, older adults are more likely to suffer from symptoms such as confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, breathing issues, QT prolongation, while taking tramadol and may require expert’s advice to safely use this medication.

If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, use this medication only when clearly because improper use of it may harm the unborn baby.

Connect with your doctor to learn more about the risks and benefits of tramadol.