What Is Insomnia And How Can You Manage It?

Insomnia is a sleep condition in which a person experiences difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep. Insomnia patients often feel tired when they wake up. This condition cannot only reduce your energy level but also affects your mood, work performance, and overall health. However, it can be managed by taking medications using medication alert app.

Every person requires a different amount of sleep, but the average recommended amount is 7-8 hours a night.  If you have insomnia, you don’t have to endure sleepless nights. Make simple changes in lifestyle and use recommended medications to improve this condition.

What Are the Types of Insomnia?

There are two types of insomnia: acute insomnia and chronic insomnia.

Acute Insomnia

This insomnia occurs for a brief duration and often due to a stressful or traumatic event (for instance, when you can’t fall asleep on the exam night or after receiving bad news). Many individuals encounter acute insomnia, and it often goes away without requiring treatment.

Chronic Insomnia

Chronic insomnia can last for up to three or more months and occurs because of numerous reasons. Changes in environment, unhealthy sleep patterns, unusual work hours, other medical conditions, and certain prescriptions are some of the main reasons which cause acute insomnia. Individuals with this condition will require proper treatment to return to their healthy sleep habits. Acute insomnia can be linked to mental issues as well, however, there is still a lack of understanding and research on this relationship.

What Are Insomnia Symptoms?

Insomnia symptoms may include:

  • Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
  • Irritability, depression or anxiety
  • Waking up too early
  • Waking up over and over again
  • Feeling tired after a night’s sleep
  • Permanent tiredness or sleepiness
  • Increased errors at work
  • Difficulty in focusing on tasks
  • Memory issues

When to Call Your Doctor?

Call your doctor if:

  • Your sleep issues last for a couple of weeks without any particular reason, you can’t get enough sleep, or involuntarily fall asleep during the day.
  • You experience breathing issues or severe snorting during the night; these could be signs of sleep apnea.
  • Your insomnia resulted from a life-changing event, such as the loss of a loved one.
  • You have been taking medications using medicine tracker app but they are showing no effect.

What Are the Medical Causes of Insomnia?

There are many medical causes of insomnia. Examples include:

  • Nasal/sinus allergies
  • Gastrointestinal problems
  • Arthritis
  • Asthma
  • Chronic pain
  • Low back pain
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease

Medications taken for these conditions may also lead to insomnia. In addition, insomnia may appear as a symptom of health disorders such as restless legs syndrome — a condition in which the patient constantly feels the need to move his or her legs. Individuals with this condition typically experience the peak symptoms during periods of inactivity or when trying to fall asleep, which makes falling asleep and staying asleep quite difficult for them.

Sleep apnea is another condition that can lead to insomnia. Sleep apnea causes a person’s airway to become partly or completely blocked during sleep, leading to difficulty in breathing and lower oxygen levels in the body. As a result, the person keeps waking up throughout the night for brief periods.

If you often have difficulty in falling or staying asleep, try getting in touch with your specialist to see if you have any underlying health issues contributing to your sleep problems. Sometimes, even simple changes in lifestyle such as avoiding bright lights, TV, computer, or other electronic gadgets can help improve your condition. However, if none of this seems to work, it’s important to connect with your specialist and figure out the right treatment plan.

Remember that you should never neglect your sleep problems as doing so may further damage your health. Instead, talk to your doctor or a sleep specialist and work on improving your condition by taking medications using free pill reminder app.

What Is the Relation Between Insomnia and Depression?

Depression is known as a major cause of insomnia. Sleep issues, changes in mood and shift in hormones caused by depression can lead to both mental issues and insomnia simultaneously. The risk of insomnia in patients of depression is much higher than those who don’t have depression. On the other hand, insomnia can also trigger or worsen depression.

Remember that side effects of depression (low energy, day time fatigue, feelings of sadness or hopelessness, lack of motivation) and insomnia may be linked, and one condition may trigger or aggravate the other. But fortunately, both conditions are curable irrespective of which came first.

What Is the Relation Between Insomnia and Anxiety?

Anxiety or nervousness can regularly interfere with sleep. Symptoms of anxiety that can cause insomnia include:

  • Tension
  • Unnecessary worrying about future
  • Constantly thinking about past events
  • Running away from responsibilities

It’s easy to see why these symptoms can lead to insomnia. Anxiety often makes it difficult to fall asleep. And if you somehow manage to fall asleep, it’ll keep waking you up during the night. As a result, stressful thoughts or fears take over and keep you awake for long periods of time.

When this pattern continues for several nights or months, you may start feeling anxiousness just at the thought of not sleeping. This is how anxiety and insomnia help each other grow and form a cycle that should be hindered through treatment. There are several techniques that can hinder that cycle and improve overall sleep patterns of individuals with anxiety. Cognitive and mind-body treatments are two of the most common that sleep specialists use to manage this condition.

How Can Unhealthy Lifestyle Lead to Insomnia?

Insomnia can be triggered by unhealthy behaviors and sleep patterns. Even if you don’t have an underlying health issue, unhealthy lifestyles alone can cause insomnia or worsen insomnia caused by other problems.

Here are some examples of how some of the unhealthy habits can lead to insomnia:

  • Working at home or office in the evenings can make it hard for you to sleep at night. Also, the light from your computer or laptop screen could keep your brain more alert which leads to acute insomnia.
  • Taking naps during the day is a great way to feel relaxed but for some people, it makes falling asleep difficult at night.
  • Sleeping extra hours to make up for lost sleep is another factor which may contribute to insomnia. When you sleep in later, it confuses your body’s clock as a result of which you will experience difficulty in falling asleep again the following night.
  • Working irregular hours can also confuse your body’s clock and cause sleep issues. This is particularly true for shift workers as their schedule changes periodically.

What Are the Risk Factors for Insomnia?

Having an occasional sleepless night is common. Nearly everyone has one every now and then. But the risk of insomnia is higher among the following:

  • Woman. Insomnia is more common in women because of their hormonal shifts during the menstrual cycle. Also, night sweats and hot flashes during menopause can disrupt sleep. Pregnancy is another factor which causes insomnia in women.
  • Older adults aged over 60. Insomnia grows with age because of changes in sleep patterns and declining health.
  • Mental disorders. Having issues that affect your mental health can disrupt sleep.
  • Stress. If you are temporarily under stress, you may experience acute insomnia. Major or long-lasting stress, on the other hand, can result in chronic insomnia.
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